Major study reveals where international trade grew despite the pandemic
International trade has shown remarkable resilience during the pandemic and will play a critical role in facilitating the global recovery.
- 42 percent of companies saw international revenue expand in the first half of 2020, despite global trade falling by over 20% in the same period
- In the Middle East, 38% of companies have expanded their international sales, as have 32% in Africa
- 46% of companies in Europe experienced an expansion in international sales compared with 37% who reported a contraction
A global study of private sector perspectives highlights how international trade flows have remained robust despite the pandemic. On average, companies allocated 32% of revenue from the first half of 2020 to help them switch suppliers or logistics providers and change production or purchasing locations.
Consequently, 42% of companies saw international revenue expand in the first half of 2020. 19% reported no year-on-year change from 2019.
The study was commissioned by DP World and conducted by the EIU at the outbreak of Covid-19 in Q1 2020, and updated in Q4 2020. Despite the disruption to supply chains, it found that optimism about future growth is widespread and assuming the pandemic does not worsen, and protectionist polices remain restrained, 77% of companies expect international sales to expand.
Capturing the perspectives of business leaders across six regions (North America, South America, Europe, Middle East, Africa, and Asia Pacific), the study found 83% of companies are reconfiguring their supply chains, including a diversification of the countries they intend to trade with. In Europe, for example, companies expected international sales from N. America to increase from 14% in 2019 to 21% in 2020. Conversely, in the Middle East international sales from N. America have decreased whilst revenue from Africa is expected to increase by 50%. In Asia-Pacific, 76% of companies are earning most of their international revenue from within the region. The next important continent for them in terms of international revenue is North America, which lagged behind at 13%.
The study also revealed a resurgence for particular sectors that helped to support international trade. Globally, 58% of companies in construction reported a rise in international trade, particularly from North America following a demand for renovations at home. Supported by data from the ITC, South African exports of pulp (the raw material for toilet paper) increased 163%. In Europe, during the first half of 2020, exports of cereals (particularly to the Middle East) and pharmaceutical products from the continent increased by 23% and 12% respectively. The movement of consumer goods across the world is also helping the global trade and logistics industry to rebound. 81% of major consumer goods manufacturers expect exports to have expanded in 2020.
Whilst 40% of companies indicated that trade flows had decreased due to declining demand, 32% were affected by supply shortfall and 28% by constricted logistics - 43% of companies still anticipate trade flows to recover to pre-pandemic levels in under two years.
In the meantime, businesses around the world have accelerated their digital transformation. In response to the pandemic, 40% of companies were implementing cloud computing for the first time. 38% were using IOT, 34% have adopted big data and analytics, 17% were introducing machine learning and 16% automation and robotics.
One in six respondents (16%) said enhancing their firm’s responsiveness to changes through real-time/predictive data analytics would be the most important factor determining how their company will be conducting international trade transactions in the future.
Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem, CEO and Chairman of DP World, said: “International trade has shown remarkable resilience during the pandemic and will play a critical role in facilitating the global recovery. The business community is more optimistic for the future than many expected, and the supply chain challenges exposed by the pandemic have acted as a positive agent for change. We expect the result will be global flows of trade that are more efficient and more robust.”
DP World is a global logistics company that moves nearly one in ten of the world’s containers through its strategically located network of ports and marine terminals, spanning operations on six continents. The company has accelerated innovations digitising logistics and building online marketplaces during the pandemic.
The full series of reports can be accessed here.
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Our dedicated, diverse and professional team of more than 53,220 employees from 131 countries is committed to delivering unrivalled value to our customers and partners. We do this by focussing on mutually beneficial relationships – with governments, shippers, traders, and other stakeholders along the global supply chain – relationships built on a foundation of mutual trust and enduring partnership.
We think ahead, anticipate change and deploy industry-leading technology to further broaden our digital vision to disrupt world trade and create the smartest, most efficient and innovative solutions, while ensuring a positive and sustainable impact on economies, societies and our planet.
About the Trade in Transition research
Trade in Transition is a global research programme which presents private-sector sentiment on international trade.
Fielded between October and November 2020, the EIU, commissioned by DP World, asked 800 executives across a range of industries and regions about pandemic effects on trade and their business—including changes in their international sales revenue in the first half of 2020 compared to 2019.
This data is a supplement to a 3,000-respondent survey fielded at the start of 2020, during the initial stages of the pandemic, which will be published in the first quarter of 2021.